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Heavy Goods Vehicles and buses (including coaches), are to have an MOT test every year, (also known as an ‘annual test), like any other vehicle. HGV’s first annual test, should be when the vehicle has reached 12 months old, and also the trailers must be tested, one year after they were first sold or supplied. The standard MOT tests are very precise in Britain, but with HGV’s, buses and coaches, they are more strict due to the size, weight, and the amount of time spent on the roads.

Checks carried out on HGV’s

The checks carried out on the annual test are very precise. When the vehicle arrives at the test centre, the HGV’s are parked on an even surface. The tester will check the vehicle inside and out, this includes inside the driver’s cabin. There are many things that are checked during the inspection, these are:

  • The driver and passenger door opens and closes securely
  • The tyres, which have to be in a satisfactory condition, and of the correct rating for the vehicle
  • All mirrors and fairings, which need to be securely fixed and in good condition
  • Headlights, fog lights, high beam, side lights, indicators, hazards, and brake lights, should be in working order and aligned correctly.
  • The spray suppressors (mudguards), must be the right size for the HGV
  • The vehicle’s identity against the VTG6 Plate
  • Potential oil/fuel leaks
  • Axle alignment and bearings
  • Steering
  • Foot brakes and air brakes
  • They look for any possible mechanical faults
  • Tyres are checked on the shaker plates

Checks carried out on Buses and Coaches

A walk-around check is advised by the Government to ensure that there are no visible damages and are roadworthy. Below is a list of checks that are carried out on the annual test, which is similar to the HGV annual test but there are more checks carried out due to them carrying passengers onboard.

  • A corrosion assessment
  • Tyres, brakes and wheel arches
  • Seatbelts and supplements
  • Emissions and exhaust
  • Drivers/passengers doors and emergency exits
  • Exterior of the body including the luggage compartment
  • Passenger entrance and exit steps and platforms
  • Mirrors and indirect vision devices
  • Windscreen washers and wipers
  • Speedometer/Tachographs
  • Steering control and horn
  • Hand lever operating mechanical brakes and electronic park brake controls
  • Condition of the chassis
  • Electrical wiring and equipment
  • Oil and waste leaks
  • Axles, Stub Axles and Wheel bearings
  • Direction Indicators and Hazard warning lamps

HGV’s that carry dangerous goods

HGV’s that carry dangerous goods have the same checks as the normal HGV’s, however they have to undergo another test.

Certain dangerous goods vehicles must have an extra test and certificate over and above the normal heavy goods vehicle roadworthiness test. This is known informally as an ‘ADR test’.  It ensures that vehicles comply with the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR). Vehicle requirements vary according to the nature of the goods being carried.

A VTG15, should be completed in all cases where vehicles subject to dangerous / hazardous loads are produced at a test station, whether for annual test or are accompanying another vehicle. Each time a vehicle is required to attend a test station, a new VTG15 will be required.

Failing the Annual Test

The most common reasons for HGV’s failing the annual test are:

  • Wiring
  • Tachograph
  • Suspension
  • Parking brake and secondary and service brake performance
  • Steering
  • Headlamps and Lamps

How many times does a HGV’s require a brake test?

A HGV, is advised to have at least three brake checks a year, due to the amount of time the vehicles spend on the road. Even though its not compulsory, it is strongly recommended to ensure these checks are carried out in addition to the MOT.

Post Author: admin

Reviews

MOT Training Courses MTC
MOT Training Courses MTC
Based on 38 Google reviews.
James Gardiner
James Gardiner
April 24, 2021.
I have recently taken my nvq3 in preparation for my mot training. The staff are very skilled and enjoy what they do. My tutor was Richard. Very good instructor.. A*
gavin thompson
gavin thompson
April 22, 2021.
Very professional training course the staff are friendly and helpful i was on the electric vehicle course and found it to be very interesting i highly recommend MTC Training
Habib Rashad
Habib Rashad
April 21, 2021.
skully
skully
April 21, 2021.
Rob Lockett
Rob Lockett
April 21, 2021.
MATTHEW ROBINSON
MATTHEW ROBINSON
April 16, 2021.
Richards a fantastic tutor, I passed my MOT course and actually enjoyed it ill be returning for my hybrid course and booking my staff in for CPD assessments every year. Many thanks lads Matt Robinson.
Antony
Antony
April 9, 2021.
chris hartley
chris hartley
March 11, 2021.
Richard is the man with the knowledge. If you put in the time & effort he will give you his time & effort. A fantastic experience. I am 48 years old & been in the trade since I was 15. & You never know everything. But this lad really knows his stuff. Thanks a lot guys.. i really enjoyed the level 3 & the mot course.. keep up the good work... See you again soon....*****... Mr j c Hartley... 👌👍
Martyn Lockyer
Martyn Lockyer
March 11, 2021.
I booked for the level 3 mechanic and MOT course. From day one, Richard and Shelly were extremely welcoming and helpful. The tutors were very knowledgeable and the training was thorough. I would highly recommend.
Richard Cromie
Richard Cromie
January 25, 2021.
Very helpful and informative.