As Electric and Hybrid Vehicles are becoming more popular, a lot of people are asking if these vehicles require a regular MOT, like a petrol or diesel vehicles. The answer to this is “yes”, they require a regular MOT like any other vehicle. However, they only need to have an MOT test once the vehicle has reached three years old mark.
When carrying out MOT tests for EVs and Hybrids they only have one difference, that is there are no exhaust emissions to check. However, it is also important to keep in mind that doing regular maintenance and servicing on your vehicle is advised, to ensure that your vehicle is running at its best.
Remember that the purpose of the MOT test is to keep you and other road-users safe, and this is just as vital whether you drive a petrol, diesel, hybrid or electric vehicle.
Servicing Electric & Hybrid Vehicles
Hybrid and EVs don’t have as many parts or systems as a combustion engine car, which makes servicing them a lot cheaper. Although, not every garage has the experience and equipment to maintain and service an Electric vehicle, we advise you to take your vehicle to an experienced mechanic/technician, to ensure that the service is being carried out correctly.
You should try and have your Electric or hybrid vehicle serviced, like you would with a normal car in line with manufacturer recommendations. The common rule is that you should have your car serviced every 12 months or every 10-12,000 miles, whichever comes first.
What MOT checks do they do on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles?
There isn’t much difference between what they check on a combustion engine vehicle, to what they check on an Electric or Hybrid Vehicle. All the checks that are carried out on a petrol or diesel vehicle is the same as on a Hybrid or Electric Vehicle, apart from EV’s and Hybrids don’t require an exhaust emissions test. Like any MOT, the main aim is to ensure the vehicle is in a safe, roadworthy condition to ensure the safety of yourself and other road users.
The standard checks on a normal vehicle should be performed on an electric car are:
- Windscreen for damage/visibility
- Seatbelts work for safety
- Checking steering functions correctly
- The horn
- Brake pads and discs
- All lights function properly
- General tyre condition
- Excessive corrosion to portions of the vehicle
- Electrical wiring
Under the bonnet checks for Electric vehicles are:
- High-voltage electric cabling
- Battery pack
- Electric motor(s)
Do hybrid and electric vehicles have any fluids that need to be checked?
All Hybrid and Electric vehicles have fluids that you need keep an eye on like any other vehicle. Electric vehicles have three main fluids: coolant fluid, brake fluid and windscreen washer fluid. However, some also require transmission fluid that needs to be changed regularly.
The first thing, that you need to do when you are maintaining your electric vehicle is to keep a check on the coolant levels, it is imperative to prevent the battery from overheating.
The second main fluid is your brake fluid, this should be checked and replaced per your owner’s manual, because without flushing the fluid regularly, it can corrode the brake system.
The third main fluid is your windscreen washer fluid, If you are using your washer fluid regularly, you will want to check the levels and add fluid as needed.
Although electric cars don’t require any transmissions fluid, some hybrid models will require a CVT-specific transmission fluid, while others will require a specific grade of fluid that could be compatible with conventional transmission fluid specifications.
Are electric cars less maintenance when compared with diesel or petrol vehicles?
Electronic vehicles normally requires less periodic maintenance than other vehicles, because they have fewer fluids and have a lot less moving parts than a petrol or diesel engine. In a combustion vehicle they have hundreds of moving parts, whereas an electric vehicle only has one, the engine. As the electric vehicle‘s maintenance requirements are less, means the maintenance costs are much lower.